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Tall People Have Greater Risk of Cancer (22nd July, 2011)

Scientists have found that tall people have a higher risk of getting cancer. Researchers from Britain’s University of Oxford say that for every 10 cm above 150 cm, a person was 16 per cent more likely to get cancer. Women who were over 175 cm tall were 37 per cent more at risk than women who were 150 cm. The study found that with tallest women the rate of cancer was 10 per thousand women. For smaller women, it was 7.5 per thousand. The study was very large. It looked at the health of over one million women between 1996 and 2001.

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Cancer experts said tall people do not need to be worried by this new report. They say that being tall is not a reason for cancer and that there are other things that cause cancer. One reason might be tall people have more cells, so there is a higher chance of cells becoming cancerous. Another possibility is that growth hormones add to the risk of cancer. Doctors say the most important way to reduce the risk of cancer is to live healthily. People who smoke, drink lots of alcohol and are overweight have a bigger risk of getting cancer.

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PHRASE MATCH

Match the following phrases from the article.
Paragraph 1


1.

tall people have a higher risk

a.

thousand women

2

16 per cent more

b.

at risk

3.

37 per cent more

c.

of getting cancer

4.

the rate of cancer was 10 per

d.

one million women

5.

The study was

e.

likely to get cancer

6.

It looked at the health of over

f.

very large

Paragraph 2


1.

Cancer

a.

reason for cancer

2

people do not need to be worried

b.

smoke

3.

being tall is not a

c.

healthily

4.

growth

d.

experts

5.

live

e.

hormones

6.

People who

f.

by this new report


LISTENING GAP FILL


Scientists have found that tall people ____________________ getting cancer. Researchers from Britain’s University of Oxford ____________________ 10 cm above 150 cm, a person was 16 per cent more likely to get cancer. Women who were over 175 cm tall were 37 per cent ____________________ women who were 150 cm. The study found that with tallest ____________________ cancer was 10 per thousand women. For smaller women, it was 7.5 per thousand. The study was very large. It looked at the health ____________________ women between 1996 and 2001.
Cancer experts said tall people ____________________ worried by this new report. They say that being tall is not a reason for cancer and that there are other things ____________________. One reason might be tall people have more cells, so there is a ____________________ cells becoming cancerous. Another possibility is that growth hormones ____________________ cancer. Doctors say the most important ____________________ risk of cancer ____________________. People who smoke, drink lots of alcohol and are overweight have a bigger risk of getting cancer.


MULTIPLE CHOICE


Scientists have (1) ____ that tall people have a higher risk (2) ____ getting cancer. Researchers from Britain’s University of Oxford say that for every 10 cm above 150 cm, a person was 16 per cent more (3) ____ to get cancer. Women who were over 175 cm tall were 37 per cent more at risk than women who were 150 cm. The study found that (4) ____ tallest women the     (5) ____ of cancer was 10 per thousand women. For smaller women, it was 7.5 per thousand. The study was very large. It looked (6) ____ the health of over one million women between 1996 and 2001.
Cancer experts said tall people do not need to be worried (7) ____ this new report. They say that being tall is not a (8) ____ for cancer and that there are other things that cause cancer. One reason might be tall people have more cells, so there is a higher (9) ____ of cells becoming cancerous. Another possibility is that (10) ____ hormones add to the risk of cancer. Doctors say the most important way to (11) ____ the risk of cancer is to live healthily. People who (12) ____, drink lots of alcohol and are overweight have a bigger risk of getting cancer.
Put the correct words from this table into the article.


1.

(a)

found

(b)

find

(c)

finds

2.

(a)

by

(b)

at

(c)

of

3.

(a)

liked

(b)

likely

(c)

liking

4.

(a)

with

(b)

so

(c)

to

5.

(a)

rat

(b)

rated

(c)

rate

6.

(a)

by

(b)

at

(c)

in

7.

(a)

of

(b)

so

(c)

by

8.

(a)

reason

(b)

season

(c)

treason

9.

(a)

possible

(b)

event

(c)

chance

10.

(a)

grows

(b)

growth

(c)

growing

11.

(a)

reduce

(b)

deduce

(c)

produce

12

(a)

smoking

(b)

smoke

(c)

smoker


SPELLING


Spell the jumbled words (from the text) correctly.


Paragraph 1

1.

a hhgrie risk

2.

tnegtig cancer

3.

16 per cent more lekliy

4.

asllrme women

5.

It ldoeko at the health

6.

one lomliin women

 

Paragraph 2

7.

rpesext said tall people do not need to be worried

8.

being tall is not a eonras

9.

things that suaec cancer

10.

orhgwt hormones

11.

ueedcr the risk

12.

live lheayhtli


PUT THE TEXT BACK TOGETHER


Number these lines in the correct order.


(    )

150 cm. The study found that with tallest women the rate of cancer was 10 per

1  )

Scientists have found that tall people have a higher risk of getting cancer. Researchers from

(    )

of alcohol and are overweight have a bigger risk of getting cancer.

(    )

that growth hormones add to the risk of cancer. Doctors say the most important way to reduce

(    )

Britain’s University of Oxford say that for every 10 cm above 150 cm, a person was 16 per cent more

(    )

very large. It looked at the health of over one million women between 1996 and 2001.

(    )

the risk of cancer is to live healthily. People who smoke, drink lots

(    )

likely to get cancer. Women who were over 175 cm tall were 37 per cent more at risk than women who were

(    )

be tall people have more cells, so there is a higher chance of cells becoming cancerous. Another possibility is

(    )

Cancer experts said tall people do not need to be worried by this new report. They say that

(    )

being tall is not a reason for cancer and that there are other things that cause cancer. One reason might

(    )

thousand women. For smaller women, it was 7.5 per thousand. The study was


WORD JUMBLE


With a partner, put the words back into the correct order.


1.

Tall     a     of     have     risk     cancer     people     higher     getting.    

2.

to     per     get     cent     cancer     more     likely     16.    

3.

over     were     who     Women     tall     cm     175.    

4.

rate     was     thousand     The     cancer     per     of     10     women.    

5.

of     over     one     million     women    It    looked    at    the    health.    

6.

need     Tall     to     people     be     do     worried     not.    

7.

a     Being     reason     tall     for     is     cancer     not.    

8.

are     There     cancer     cause     that     things     other.    

9.

Growth     risk     hormones     of     add     cancer     to     the.    

10.

to    reduce    the    risk     of    cancer    The   most    important    way.


DISCUSSION (Write your own questions)

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

1.

________________________________________________________

2.

________________________________________________________

3.

________________________________________________________

4.

________________________________________________________

5.

________________________________________________________

6.

________________________________________________________


------------------------------------------------------------------------------

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

1.

________________________________________________________

2.

________________________________________________________

3.

________________________________________________________

4.

________________________________________________________

5.

________________________________________________________

6.

________________________________________________________


WRITING


Write about being tall for 10 minutes. Show your partner your paper. Correct each other’s work.
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________
______________________________________________________________________________


HOMEWORK

1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.
2. BEING TALL: Search the Internet and find more information about being tall. Talk about what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.
3. MAGAZINE ARTICLE: Write a magazine article about being tall. Include imaginary interviews with tall and short people. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
4. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.
5. LETTER: Write a letter to a height expert. Ask him/her three questions about being tall. Give him/her three of your opinions on being tall. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Your partner will answer the questions you asked.

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