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Coffee And Cola Can Lead To Strokes (7th May, 2011)

Scientists have discovered various activities that increase the risk of a type of stroke. These include vigorous exercise, drinking coffee and cola, blowing your nose, and even being startled. Researchers at Holland’s University Medical Center in Utrecht looked at 250 patients for three years to identify what starts bleeding in the brain that leads to a stroke. A sudden increase in blood pressure can cause blood vessels to burst, which can result in brain damage or death.

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The researchers said drinking coffee was the most common risk factor. The lead researcher, Dr Monique Vlak, said: "All of the triggers [create] a sudden and short increase in blood pressure, which seems a possible cause for [blood vessel] rupture." The study is a reminder to us all to think more about high blood pressure. Doctors call it the “silent killer” because it can kill us before we know we have it. It is essential to have regular health checks to monitor your blood pressure.

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PHRASE MATCH

Match the following phrases from the article.

Paragraph 1

1.

Scientists have discovered

a.

nose

2

increase the risk of a

b.

blood pressure

3.

blowing your

c.

type of stroke

4.

identify what starts bleeding

d.

various activities

5.

A sudden increase in

e.

damage or death

6.

result in brain

f.

in the brain

 

Paragraph 2

1.

the most common

a.

increase

2

a sudden and short

b.

health checks

3.

The study is a reminder

c.

the “silent killer”

4.

Doctors call it

d.

blood pressure

5.

have regular

e.

risk factor

6.

monitor your

f.

to us all


LISTENING GAP FILL

Scientists have discovered ____________________ increase the risk of a type of stroke. These include ____________________, drinking coffee and cola, ____________________, and even being startled. Researchers at Holland’s University Medical Center in Utrecht looked at 250 patients for three ____________________ starts bleeding in the brain that ____________________. A sudden increase in blood pressure can cause blood vessels to burst, which ____________________ damage or death.

The researchers said drinking coffee was ____________________ risk factor. The lead researcher, Dr Monique Vlak, said: "____________________ [create] a sudden ____________________ in blood pressure, which seems a possible cause for [blood vessel] rupture." The ____________________ to us all to think more about high blood pressure. Doctors call it the “silent killer” because ____________________ we know we have it. It is essential to have ____________________ to monitor your blood pressure.


MULTIPLE CHOICE

Scientists have discovered (1) ____ activities that increase the risk of a (2) ____ of stroke. These include vigorous exercise, drinking coffee and cola, blowing your nose, and even (3) ____ startled. Researchers at Holland’s University Medical Center in Utrecht looked at 250 patients for three years to (4) ____ what starts bleeding in the brain that leads (5) ____ a stroke. A sudden increase in blood pressure can cause blood vessels to burst, which can result (6) ____ brain damage or death.

The researchers said drinking coffee was the (7) ____ common risk factor. The lead researcher, Dr Monique Vlak, said: "All of the triggers [create] a (8) ____ and short increase in blood pressure, which (9) ____ a possible cause for [blood vessel] rupture." The study is a reminder to (10) ____ all to think more about high blood pressure. Doctors call it the “silent killer” because it can kill us before we know we (11) ____ it. It is essential to have (12) ____ health checks to monitor your blood pressure.

Put the correct words from this table into the article.

1.

(a)

variety

(b)

various

(c)

varies

2.

(a)

typed

(b)

typing

(c)

type

3.

(a)

being

(b)

is

(c)

was

4.

(a)

identify

(b)

identification

(c)

identified

5.

(a)

at

(b)

to

(c)

by

6.

(a)

on

(b)

at

(c)

in

7.

(a)

most

(b)

much

(c)

many

8.

(a)

suddenly

(b)

sudden

(c)

sadden

9.

(a)

seemed

(b)

seemingly

(c)

seems

10.

(a)

we

(b)

us

(c)

they

11.

(a)

have

(b)

stroke

(c)

kill

12

(a)

regularly

(b)

regulars

(c)

regular


SPELLING

Spell the jumbled words (from the text) correctly.

Paragraph 1

1.

discovered oirvuas activities

2.

vigorous ierxesec

3.

nglobwi your nose

4.

gelibedn in the brain

5.

A sudden increase in blood pseeusrr

6.

brain dmaega

 

Paragraph 2

7.

the most momcno risk

8.

a espioslb cause

9.

blood eslevs

10.

a emindrre to us all

11.

the “sielnt killer”

12.

urrealg health checks


PUT THE TEXT BACK TOGETHER

Number these lines in the correct order.

(    )

to a stroke. A sudden increase in blood pressure can cause blood

(    )

being startled. Researchers at Holland’s University Medical Center in Utrecht looked at 250

(    )

stroke. These include vigorous exercise, drinking coffee and cola, blowing your nose, and even

(    )

health checks to monitor your blood pressure.

(    )

killer” because it can kill us before we know we have it. It is essential to have regular

(    )

factor. The lead researcher, Dr Monique Vlak, said: "All of the triggers [create] a sudden and short increase

(    )

in blood pressure, which seems a possible cause for [blood vessel] rupture." The study is a

(    )

patients for three years to identify what starts bleeding in the brain that leads

(    )

The researchers said drinking coffee was the most common risk

(    )

reminder to us all to think more about high blood pressure. Doctors call it the “silent

(    )

vessels to burst, which can result in brain damage or death.

1  )

Scientists have discovered various activities that increase the risk of a type of


WORD JUMBLE

With a partner, put the words back into the correct order.

1.

activities     various     discovered     have     Scientists.    

2.

the     of     risk     stroke     of     a     Increase     type.    

3.

Identify     brain     the     in     bleeding     starts     what.    

4.

sudden     in     pressure     A     increase     blood.    

5.

brain     or     in     damage     death     Result.    

6.

factor     the     most     Drinking     common     coffee     risk     was.    

7.

cause     possible     A     rupture     vessel     blood     for.    

8.

all     A     to     reminder     think     to     more     us.    

9.

we     know     we     have     it     It     can     kill     us     before.    

10.

checks     Health     pressure     blood     your     monitor     to.    


DISCUSSION (Write your own questions)

STUDENT A’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student B)

1.

________________________________________________________

2.

________________________________________________________

3.

________________________________________________________

4.

________________________________________________________

5.

________________________________________________________

6.

________________________________________________________

------------------------------------------------------------------------------

STUDENT B’s QUESTIONS (Do not show these to student A)

1.

________________________________________________________

2.

________________________________________________________

3.

________________________________________________________

4.

________________________________________________________

5.

________________________________________________________

6.

________________________________________________________


WRITING

Write about strokes for 10 minutes. Show your partner your paper. Correct each other’s work.

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________

______________________________________________________________________________


HOMEWORK

1. VOCABULARY EXTENSION: Choose several of the words from the text. Use a dictionary or Google’s search field (or another search engine) to build up more associations / collocations of each word.

2. STROKES: Search the Internet and find more information about strokes and blood pressure. Talk about what you discover with your partner(s) in the next lesson.

3. MAGAZINE ARTICLE: Write a magazine article about strokes and blood pressure. Include imaginary interviews with people who have high blood pressure. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

4. WHAT HAPPENED NEXT? Write a newspaper article about the next stage in this news story. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Give each other feedback on your articles.

5. LETTER: Write a letter to a stroke expert. Ask him/her three questions about strokes. Give him/her three of your opinions on what to do to avoid high blood pressure. Read what you wrote to your classmates in the next lesson. Your partner will answer the questions you asked.

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